India shares its borders with seven neighboring countries. In the northwest, it is bordered by Afghanistan and Pakistan.
In the north, it shares borders with China, Bhutan, and Nepal. In the far east, it is surrounded by Myanmar and Bangladesh. Among these nations, Bangladesh shares the longest border with India.
The border between India and Bangladesh stretches for 4096.7 kilometers, making it the fifth-longest land boundary in the world.
India and Bangladesh have one of the longest land borders globally, covering an area of 1,43,998 square kilometers. Additionally, India has a coastline of 580 kilometers along the Bay of Bengal.
Which country shares the longest international border with India?
International Borders of India
An international border is like a line that separates two countries. For instance, the India-Pakistan border is a very long line, about 3323 kilometers that separates India and Pakistan. It’s like a special line that shows where one country ends and the other begins.
India has a really long border, about 15106.7 kilometers that goes through 18 states and 92 districts including some special areas. India shares its border with 7 different countries. These countries are Bangladesh, China, Afghanistan, Myanmar, Bhutan, Nepal, and Pakistan.
India also has borders in the ocean, called maritime borders, with Sri Lanka, Maldives, and Indonesia.
States in India that share International Borders with Different Countries
Here is a table summarizing the important information about the states in India that share international borders:
|Country||Border Length (in km)||Indian States/Territories|
|Pakistan||3,233||Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat|
|China||3,488||Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Arunachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Sikkim|
|Nepal||1,770||Bihar, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Sikkim|
|Bhutan||699||Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Assam, West Bengal|
|Myanmar||1,643||Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, Manipur|
|Bangladesh||4,156||West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram|
|Afghanistan||106||Jammu and Kashmir|
FAQs : International Borders of India
Q1. How many countries share a land border with India?
Ans. India shares its land borders with 7 countries: Bangladesh, China, Pakistan, Nepal, Myanmar, Bhutan, and Afghanistan.
Q2. Which country shares the eastern border with India?
Ans. India shares its eastern border with Myanmar, which is 1624 km long.
Q3. Which Indian states share a border with Bangladesh?
Ans. India shares a 4156 km long border with Bangladesh. The Indian states that share this border are Assam, Tripura, Meghalaya, Mizoram, and West Bengal.
Q4. What is the border between India and Afghanistan called?
Ans. The border between India and Afghanistan is called the Durand Line. It was established in 1893 between British India and the Emirates of Afghanistan.
Q5. How long are India’s land borders?
Ans. India’s land borders are 15106.7 km long and pass through 92 districts in 18 states and union territories.
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